The Association of Chronic Kidney Disease With Outcomes Following Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure.

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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with in-hospital and short-term outcomes using a large national database representative of contemporary clinical practice.

BACKGROUND: CKD and ESRD are associated with increased risk for stroke and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation on oral anticoagulation. Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) may provide a reasonable alternative for these patients; however, the impact of CKD and ESRD on in-hospital and short-term outcomes following LAAC remain largely unknown.

METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to identify LAAC procedures from 2016 to 2017 in patients with no CKD, CKD (stages I-V), and ESRD. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess in-hospital and short-term outcomes. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality.

RESULTS: Of 21,274 patients who underwent LAAC during the study period, 3,954 (18.6%) had CKD and 571 (2.7%) had ESRD. ESRD was associated with increased risk for in-hospital mortality compared with no CKD (3.3% vs 0.4%; adjusted odds ratio: 6.48; 95% confidence interval: 3.35-12.50; P < 0.001) and CKD (3.3% vs 0.5%; adjusted odds ratio: 11.43; 95% confidence interval: 4.77-27.39; P < 0.001). CKD was associated with increased risk for in-hospital acute kidney injury or hemodialysis and stroke or transient ischemic attack. ESRD and CKD were associated with increased readmissions extending to 90 days compared with no CKD, and ESRD was associated with increased readmissions compared with CKD. There was no difference with respect to other in-hospital outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: ESRD is associated with higher in-hospital mortality, and CKD is associated with higher rates of stroke or transient ischemic attack in patients undergoing LAAC. Further research is needed to assess the impact of CKD and ESRD on long-term outcomes in these patients.

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JACC Cardiovasc Interv





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