Takotsubo syndrome: Does "Diabetes Paradox" exist?
BACKGROUND: Previous small-scale studies have reported conflicting findings regarding the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its association with outcomes in patients with takotsubo syndrome (TTS) OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of DM and its association with outcomes in TTS patients.
METHODS: Nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) was queried to extract patient information from January 1, 2009 to September 30, 2015. Propensity score matching (PSM) was done to compare mortality and other in-hospital outcomes.
RESULTS: A total of 40,327 hospitalizations for TTS were included. The prevalence of DM in TTS was 19.3% vs 23.1% (p-value < 0.01) in patients without TTS in the NIS from 2009 to 2015. In the PSM cohort, there was no difference in in-hospital mortality (1.1% vs 1.4%; p = 0.76), stroke (1.2% vs 0.9%; p = 0.09), cardiogenic shock (3.7% vs 3.9%; p = 0.61), cardiac arrest (1.2% vs 1.2%; p = 0.94), ventricular arrhythmias (3.7% vs 3.3%; p = 0.23), circulatory support (2.1% vs 1.8%; p = 0.17), and invasive mechanical ventilation (4.9% vs 4.7%; p = 0.54) in TTS patients with versus without diabetes. In sub-group analysis, diabetes with chronic complications patients were found to have lower mortality (0.7% vs 2.0%; p = 0.04) compared to patients without diabetes and those with uncomplicated diabetes (0.6% vs 2.6%; p = 0.002).
CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of DM was lower in TTS in comparison to patients without TTS. In addition, complicated DM patients were found to have lower in-hospital mortality. Further studies are needed to assess the mid and long-term outcomes of DM with and without chronic complications in TTS.
Heart & lung : the journal of critical care
Ahuja, K. R., Nazir, S., Jain, V., Isogai, T., Saad, A., Verma, B., Shekhar, S., Kumar, R., Eltahawy, E., & Madias, J. (2021). Takotsubo syndrome: Does "Diabetes Paradox" exist?. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care, 50 (2), 316-322. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2021.01.005