Impact of atrial fibrillation on outcomes following MitraClip: A contemporary population-based analysis.

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OBJECTIVES: Despite the rising use of MC, the impact of preexisting AF, a common comorbidity, on short-term postprocedural outcomes is poorly defined. We sought to assess outcomes between patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent percutaneous mitral valve repair with MitraClip (MC).

METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, the Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for patients who underwent MC between 2014-2017. Groups were stratified based on the presence of AF. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the association between AF and in-hospital stroke and mortality.

RESULTS: Of the 15,570 patients who underwent MC, 7,740 (49.7%) had AF. AF patients were older (82 vs. 79 years, p < .001) and more comorbid. Patients with AF relative to without AF demonstrated increased rates of in-hospital ischemic (1.3% vs .0.7%, p < .001) and hemorrhagic stroke (0.3% vs. 0.1%, p = .007), longer duration of hospitalization (median 3 vs. 2 days, p < .001), and similar in-hospital mortality (2.8% vs. 2.6%, p = .52). After adjusting for comorbidities, age, sex, hospital procedural volume, and CHA2DS2-VASc, the presence of AF was associated with higher in-hospital stroke (OR = 2.096, 95%CI[1.503-2.921], p < .001) but not in-hospital mortality (OR = 1.012, 95%CI[0.828-1.238], p = .904). AF patients were more likely to be readmitted (16.8% vs.14.1%, p < .001) and die (1.5% vs. 0.9%, p = .005) within 30 days of discharge despite similar incidences of stroke (0.7% vs. 0.6%, p = .53).

CONCLUSIONS: The increased risk of in-hospital stroke, 30-day mortality, and longer hospitalization suggest the need for increased preprocedural optimization by means of stroke prevention strategies in those with AF undergoing MC.

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Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions





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