Rapidly Progressive Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis in a Diabetic Individual
We present a case of rapidly progressive granulomatous amoebic encephalitis caused by Balamuthia mandrillaris in an individual with diabetes mellitus. Our patient presented with occipital headache, blurry vision, confusion, and gait imbalance of one week's duration. Brain imaging revealed numerous peripheral ring-enhancing lesions concerning malignancy. Brain biopsy was consistent with Balamuthia mandrillaris infection. He passed away 45 days after presentation despite being treated with a five-drug regimen. This case highlights the importance of considering amoebic brain infections, especially with ring-enhancing lesions on imaging. There are opportunities to design modalities for rapid diagnosis and better treatment.
Cureus Journal of Medical Science
Paudel, A., Patel, N., Quang, J., Cassella, C., Sigal, A., Parajuli, P., Oladunjoye, O., oke, i., Khanal, S., & Bhattarai, K. (2021). Rapidly Progressive Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis in a Diabetic Individual. Cureus Journal of Medical Science, 13 (11) https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.19336