Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a 12-year analysis of a national database.

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BACKGROUND: Despite inflammatory bowel disease's (IBD) association with hepatobiliary disorders and the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for both diagnostic and therapeutic evaluation of these diseases, it remains a poorly studied area within the literature. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of IBD on the occurrence of adverse events (AE) pertaining to ERCP.

METHODS: This project utilized the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, the largest inpatient database in the USA. All patients 18 years or older with and without IBD undergoing ERCP were identified from 2008 to 2019. Post-ERCP AEs were analyzed using multivariate logistic or linear regression controlling for age, race, and existing comorbidities using the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI).

RESULTS: There was no difference in post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) or mortality. IBD patients were also found to have a lower risk of bleeding and decreased length of stay (LOS) despite adjustment for comorbidities. They also underwent less sphincterotomies when compared to the non-IBD cohort. Subgroup analysis between ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) did not find any significant differences in outcomes.

CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the largest study to date evaluating ERCP outcomes in IBD patients. After adjustment of co-variates, there was no difference in the occurrence of PEP, infections, and perforation. IBD patients were less likely to experience post-ERCP bleeding and mortality and had shorter LOS which may be due to the decreased frequency of sphincterotomy in this population.

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International journal of colorectal disease





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