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Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) type 1 is a rare autoimmune disorder inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern due to loss of function of the AIRE gene and defective removal of self-reactive T-lymphocytes during the process of thymic T cell maturation. Its manifestation starts early in life with the cardinal clinical disorders being one of muco-cutaneous candidiasis, Addison's disease, and hypoparathyroidism. Recognizing the syndromic nature of one autoimmune disease will facilitate an active search for other conditions which would allow early detection, management, follow-up, and most importantly patient education and counselling to avoid potential complications. We present the case of a young immigrant with multiple endocrinopathies and mucocutaneous candidiasis who presented with features of adrenal insufficiency. Our aim was to briefly review APS type 1 as a disease entity and to highlight the importance of patient education in its management.

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J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect

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