Title

Meta-analysis on efficacy of statins for prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients undergoing coronary angiography.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-12-2014

Abstract

Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) is a leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury, and pretreatment with hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) have shown promise in prevention. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed including randomized controlled trials of short-term high-dose statins (compared with either low-dose statin or placebo) for CIAKI prevention in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Study-specific odds ratios (ORs) were calculated, and between-study heterogeneity was assessed using the I(2) statistic. We used a random-effects model meta-analysis to pool the OR. Twelve RCTs, including 5,564 patients, were included. CIAKI occurred in 94 of 2,769 patients (3.4%) pretreated with high-dose statins and 213 of 2,795 patients (7.6%) in the low-dose or no-statin group (OR 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.33 to 0.55, I(2) = 19%, p

Publication Title

The American journal of cardiology

First Page

1295

Last Page

1302

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