Staged ventricular recruitment in patients with borderline ventricles and large ventricular septal defects

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Objectives: Patients with borderline ventricles and ventricular septal defects (VSDs) who have previously undergone single ventricle palliation might be candidates for staged ventricular recruitment with the ultimate goal of biventricular conversion. This study aimed to determine the effect of atrial septal defect (ASD) restriction without VSD closure on ventricular growth in patients with borderline right or left ventricles and VSDs. Methods: Patients with borderline ventricles and VSD who underwent a staged ventricular recruitment procedure with strategies to increase blood flow through hypoplastic ventricle via ASD restriction without VSD closure after single ventricle palliation were retrospectively reviewed. Pre- and postrecruitment ventricular volumes were compared using Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: A total of 21 patients underwent staged ventricular recruitment via ASD restriction without VSD closure at median age of 20.0 months (interquartile range [IQR], 8.0-52.5 months). At a median of 9.0 months (IQR, 8.0-11.8 months) after the recruitment procedure, there were increases in the median indexed ventricular diastolic volume (31.7 mL/m [IQR, 24.5-37.1] to 48.5 mL/m [IQR, 38.4-58.0; P <.01]), median indexed systolic volume (13.3 mL/m [IQR, 9.7-18.7] to 19.5 mL/m [IQR, 16.8-29.7]; P <.01), and the median indexed stroke volume (18.4 mL/m [IQR, 14.8-21.1] to 28.1 mL/m [IQR, 21.3-31.8]; P <.01). Biventricular conversion was ultimately performed in 14 (67%). Two patients died after biventricular conversion. Conclusions: Staged ventricular recruitment via ASD restriction without VSD closure is associated with growth of the hypoplastic ventricle. In patients who are deemed high-risk for single ventricle, this approach might facilitate eventual biventricular conversion. Further studies are needed to identify optimal candidates for this approach. 2 2 2 2 2 2

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Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery





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