Outcomes of the First Episode of STEMI in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients from the National Inpatient Sample Database, 2016-2019.

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BACKGROUND: Patients with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have a higher burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but conflicting results were seen regarding in-hospital outcomes of STEMI in patients with RA compared to patients without RA.

OBJECTIVES: To compare in-hospital outcomes of the first episode of STEMI between patients with and without RA.

METHODS: The NIS database was used to conduct a retrospective study of U.S. hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of first-time STEMI from 2016 to 2019. We divided our study population into two cohorts, with diagnosis codes for RA and those without RA and compared baseline demographics, comorbidities, and in-hospital outcomes and finally performed a multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjusting for baseline factors.

RESULTS: Our analysis revealed that patients with RA were statistically more likely to be older, white, and female and had more hypertension, cardiomyopathy, CKD stage 3 or greater and heart failure. However, after adjusting for potential confounders, we found lower inpatient mortality in the first STEMI with RA cohort (adjusted OR: 0.70, 95% CI of 0.56-0.87, p

CONCLUSION: In this study, patients with RA with first STEMI had lower inpatient mortality than those without RA. However, further patient-level studies are needed to understand better the impact of newer biologics and the effect of risk factor modification on this patient subset.

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Current problems in cardiology

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Online ahead of print.