Meta-Analysis of Local Endovascular Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke.
A meta-analysis was performed to assess randomized controlled trials comparing local endovascular therapy (with and without intravenous thrombolysis) versus standard care (intravenous thrombolysis alone when appropriate) for acute ischemic stroke. Local endovascular therapy showed a significant improvement in functional independence versus standard care (odds ratio, 1.779; 95% confidence interval, 1.262-2.507; P < .001). This benefit strengthened further on subgroup analyses of trials in which a majority of cases used stent retrievers, trials with intravenous thrombolysis use in both arms when appropriate, and trials that required preprocedural imaging of all patients. There were no significant differences between arms in terms of mortality, hemicraniectomy, intracranial hemorrhage, and cerebral edema rates (P > .05). In conclusion, in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, local endovascular therapy leads to improved functional independence compared with standard care.
Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
Kennedy, S., Baerlocher, M., Baerlocher, F., Socko, D., Sacks, D., Nikolic, B., Wojak, J., & Haskal, Z. (2016). Meta-Analysis of Local Endovascular Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke.. Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR, 27 (3), 307-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2015.11.053