The value of duplex sonography after peripheral artery angioplasty in predicting subacute restenosis.

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OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if abnormal findings on duplex sonographic examination after peripheral artery angioplasty correlate with the subsequent recurrence of a stenosis.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We used duplex sonography to examine 35 stenoses in 23 patients within 48 hr after the patients had angioplasty to treat these stenoses. Patients were followed up for 3 years by using one or more of the following: assessment of signs and symptoms, monitoring of peripheral pulses, pulse volume recordings, and angiography. Life tables were constructed to compare long-term patency with the presence of abnormal findings seen on duplex sonograms. Abnormal findings at the dilated segment included a blood-flow velocity greater than 120 cm/sec or a residual elevated velocity ratio greater than 1.4 or 2.0 immediately after angioplasty.

RESULTS: Twelve (34%) of 35 angioplasty sites showed recurrent stenosis before 36 months. Patency at 24 months was calculated for velocities less than 120 cm/sec vs velocities of 120 cm/sec or greater (41% vs 68%), for velocity ratios less than 1.4 vs ratios of 1.4 or greater (63% vs 57%), and for velocity ratios less than 2.0 vs ratios of 2.0 or greater (54% vs 74%). We found no significant difference in patency between those patients with normal findings and those with abnormal findings on duplex sonographic examination after angioplasty.

CONCLUSION: Abnormal findings on duplex sonograms obtained immediately after peripheral angioplasty cannot be used to predict subacute restenosis.

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AJR. American journal of roentgenology

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