Associations Between Residents' Personal Behaviors and Wellness: A National Survey of Obstetrics and Gynecology Residents.

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between activities residents reported doing to support their own well-being and perceived experience of burnout and mental health problems.

DESIGN: A single-group, multi-institutional cross-sectional survey explored physician well-being using six questions. Self-report of burnout was the primary outcome of the original analysis. This secondary analysis aims to understand whether self-report of burnout and other problems (depression, binge drinking, eating disorder, drug use, etc.) differed based on residents' personal practices (e.g., hobbies, recreational activities, substance use). Activities done at least twice a week were considered "regular" activities. Chi-squared tests examined the associations between these activities and the likelihood of residents reporting any problem.

SETTING: An anonymous, voluntary, electronic questionnaire was distributed at the time of the Council on Resident Education in OBGYN (CREOG) examination in 2017.

PARTICIPANTS: Among 5376 US OBGYN residents, 4999 (93%) provided consent and completed complete data for the analysis.

RESULTS: Of 5376 residents offered the survey, 4999 (93%) residents provided complete data for the analysis. The majority, 3065 (61.3%) reported experiencing at least one wellness issue. When queried about the activities residents did to support their own well-being, most of the activities did not improve reported wellness, but rather had no association, or a negative association with well-being. Among the common regular activities, only exercise was associated with a reduction in self-reporting of problems (OR 0.68, p < 0.001). Almost half of residents reported regular alcohol use (2132 [45.6%]). Alcohol use was associated with an increased likelihood of self-report of other problems (odds ratio [OR] 2.10, p < 0.001). Those residents who reported drinking 4 or more times a week had a stronger association. (OR 3.30, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Most activities that OBGYN residents reported doing to support their own wellbeing were not associated with reduced reporting of burnout or mental health problems, except for exercise. Alcohol use was commonly reported and is associated with increased reporting of burnout or other mental health problems.

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J Surg Educ





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