Healthcare utilization following minimally invasive apical prolapse repair in a large integrated healthcare system.

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INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We sought to describe healthcare utilization (HU) following minimally invasive apical prolapse repair (MIAR) and its association with duration of hospital stay, patient characteristics, and perioperative factors.

METHODS: This retrospective study included women undergoing MIAR within a large managed care organization between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2018, and aimed to quantify HU within 30 days of surgery. HU was dichotomized into two groups: normal and high, based on typical postoperative utilization of healthcare resources. The primary outcome was the rate of normal versus high HU overall and by duration of hospital stay [discharge home on day of surgery versus postoperative day (POD) 1-2]. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify factors predictive of high HU. A p value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: Of the 4208 patients in our final cohort, 17% had high HU, while 83% were normal utilizers. High utilizers were more likely to have multiple comorbidities (p < 0.01) and a diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain (p = 0.02) and were less likely to be discharged on day of surgery (p < 0.01). A higher burden of disease, a concurrent mid-urethral sling or posterior colporrhaphy, and discharge on POD 1-2 were independently predictive of high HU. Within the high HU cohort, the most common type of unanticipated healthcare encounter was emergency department visit for urinary retention or pain.

CONCLUSIONS: Same-day discharge after MIAR does not result in increased HU, even after adjusting for relevant demographic and clinical characteristics. Pre-existing chronic pain diagnoses, multiple comorbidities, and concurrent mid-urethral sling are associated with high HU in this population.

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Int Urogynecol J





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